Statistics of Infectious Disease
The following statistics are the latest available from the National Center for Health Statistics (part of the CDC) and the National Foundation of Infectious Diseases:
The CDC estimates that 2,700 new cases of hepatitis A occurred in the U.S. in 2011.
In the U.S., it is estimated that 700,000 to 1.4 million people have chronic hepatitis B infections. It is estimated that in 2011, 19,000 new cases occurred in the U.S.
In the U.S., it is estimated that between 2.5 and 3.9 million people have chronic hepatitis C infections. It is estimated that in 2011, about 17,000 new cases occurred in the U.S.
Tuberculosis has infected one-third of the world's population. In 2012, nearly 10,000 new cases were reported in the U.S.
About 36,000 people per year in the U.S. die from influenza and pneumonia.
According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 50,000 new cases of HIV infections occur annually in the U.S., and nearly 33 million people are infected with HIV in the world.
The chickenpox vaccine has decreased the frequency of new cases of chickenpox in all age groups, especially in children ages 1 to 4 years.
Even though the measles vaccine is now available, in 2013 there were nearly 200 new cases of measles (rubeola) in the U.S. Measles outbreaks in 2014 increased the rate of new cases.
The numbers of new cases of sexually transmitted diseases reported in the U.S. in 2012 include:
Human papillomavirus (HPV): about 14 million
Chlamydia: over 1.4 million
Gonorrhea: over 330,000
HIV: around 50,000
Syphilis (primary and secondary): more than 15,600
In 2012, about 48,000 new cases of whooping cough were reported to the CDC, including 20 deaths nationally. The majority of these deaths were in children less than 1 year of age.