Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a procedure that allows your doctor to diagnose and treat problems in the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract, which is comprised of your esophagus, stomach and duodenum (first part of the small intestine). Your doctor may perform an EGD if you are experiencing abnormal symptoms, including difficulty swallowing, weight loss, UGI diseases, upper abdominal pain, bleeding, inflammation, ulcers or tumors.
Preparing for the procedure
Do not eat any solid foods six to 12 hours before your scheduled procedure. If you are diabetic or regularly take blood thinners or aspirin, your doctor may advise you to stop your medication prior to the procedure.
During the procedure
Sedative and pain medications will be administered intravenously. Numbing spray may be applied to the back of your throat. Next, a flexible tube called an endoscope is inserted into your mouth and moved to your stomach and duodenum. If your doctor notices anything abnormal during the procedure, a biopsy may be taken.
Please arrange for someone to drive you home since you may experience drowsiness from the sedative and pain medications.