St. Joseph Hospital of Orange
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Nasal & Sinus Center
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Advice From Your Allergist on Rhinitis
What is Rhinitis?
What is Sinusitis?
What is Allergic Rhinitis?
What Causes the Sneezing, Itchy Eyes and Other Symptoms?
No Hay, No Fever - So Why "Hay Fever?"
Is Allergic Rhinitis Ever the Cause of Other Problems?
Are All Cases of Rhinitis Caused By Allergies?
What Are Other Causes of Rhinitis?
What Triggers Vasomotor Rhinitis? (Runny Nose)
What Other Medications Are Effective in Treating Rhinitis?
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New Treatment Options
Balloon Sinuplasty
Breakthroughs - Somnoplasty
Snoring Treatment Options
Sleep Apnea Solutions
Gulf War Missile Tracking Technology Used in Sinus Surgery!
Nose News Newsletter
Effective Relief for Your Chronic Stuffy Nose! (Vol. 1 No. 2)
Feel Like Your Nose Needs a Superhero (Vol. 1 No. 3)
Hay Fever: Fact or Fiction?
Hyperarousal Theory of Primary Insomnia
I Can't Believe My Dentist Sent Me to the Doctor for Tooth Pain!
Nasal Sprays: Are You Doing More Harm Than Good?
Snoring Sends a Serious Signal
Snoring...Sweet Dreams to Nightmares
Snoring - The Noisy Nightmare!
Understanding the Nose and Its Function
You Don't Have to be Miserable (Vol. 3 No. 2)
Patient and Family Resources
Tips for the Mild Snorer or Occasional Snorer
How Common is Snoring?
What Causes Snoring?
If You Snore You May Be Suffering From:
Should I Worry About Snoring?
What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Can Heavy Snoring Be Cured?
Sleep Apnea/Snoring Treatment
St. Joseph Hospital Sleep Disorders Center
What Is a Sleep Study
Understanding Sinuses
Common Sinus Procedures Performed

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Snoring - The Noisy Nightmare!

Eight to 10 years ago, snoring was regarded as a strictly cosmetic issue - people are just loud when they sleep. Today, however people realized that snoring is also a medical issue. Snoring is a very common sleep disorder that can be bothersome to the snorer's family or friends, but may actually be the first sign of a more serious sleep disorder

Causes of Snoring

Snoring is caused by vibrations of portions of the upper airway during sleep. There are two structures that usually are the source for the noise: the soft palate and the base of the tongue. The major concern with is that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is very common in people who snore. OSA can have serious health consequences if it is untreated. If your spouse snores, you should closely observe him or her at night to see if there are breaks or pauses in breathing. This is a typical finding in OSA. Another sign of OSA is daytime somnolence. If either of these are present, or if the snoring is excessively loud, you should definitely bring it to your doctor's attention. The etiology and risk factors for snoring are very similar to those of OSA, so the discussions on that disorder linked above will overlap much of the information given here. Snoring is known to be more common in overweight individuals. Difficulty breathing through the nose can worsen snoring. Certain anatomic features, like large tonsils, a large soft palate, or (most often in children) large adenoids can worsen snoring.

Treatment for Snoring

Before treatment for snoring can be considered, it is important to determine if significant sleep apnea is present. This usually requires an overnight sleep study. Treating the sleep apnea usually also will correct the snoring. Since there can be health consequences of untreated sleep apnea, this take priority. If only snoring is present, it is actually treated using methods similar to treatment of mild sleep apnea. Losing weight, even a small amount, can be quite effective in reducing snoring. If nasal obstruction is present, anything that improves nasal airflow may reduce snoring. Nasal swelling can occur with allergies, and a variety of different medications can be effective. If there is a deviated nasal septum, a septoplasty may be helpful. Various pillows or other tricks to help reposition the snorer may be useful. Snoring is usually worse on one's back, so anything that encourages the snorer to sleep on his or her side can help out. Compliance may be a problem with anything that is uncomfortable or impractical.

Surgical Treatments for Snoring

Various surgical techniques can be useful in reducing the severity of snoring. These procedures do not eliminate snoring, but may make it less loud so is better tolerated by the snorer's bed partner. Snoring is most often caused by fluttering of the soft palate, so the goal of the operations is to stiffen up the palate and prevent this movement.


Laser Assisted Uvulopalatoplasty is an outpatient procedure in which a " linear cut on either side of the uvula, and may trim a portion of the uvula. As this incision heals, it causes some scarring of the back of the palate. This shortens the palate and reduces it tendency to vibrate. A LAUP is generally not felt to be sufficient for severe sleep apnea, but seems to help in mild cases.


Similar in principle to a LAUP is somnoplasty. Somonoplasty is a new procedure that uses radio frequency energy to heat tissue in the palate, causing formation of a lesion that gradually scars down and reduces the size and floppiness of the palate. The improvement is not immediate, but rather develops gradually over three to six weeks. The handpiece to deliver the energy for somnoplasty has a thermocouple that keeps the temperature at just the right level during treatment. Three regions of the palate are typically treated at one time, and improvements are often seen after just one treatment. Somnoplasty is also an outpatient procedure and is quite a bit less painful than a LAUP.

Insurance Coverage

Some insurance companies do not pay for the treatment of snoring as a distinct, isolated problem. Some patients undergo sleep studies, which confirm the severity of their sleep disorder, thereby rendering treatment insurable. In most cases, snoring is caused by several anatomic factors that jointly block the airway during sleep. Correction of these factors, such as nasal obstruction, enlarged tonsils and abnormalities of the palate, is covered by insurance.

An initial consultation with an ear, nose and throat specialist will help determine which treatment/s is right for you. Don't ignore the snore! Call 1-800-973-NOSE (6673).