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Medical Oncology

Chemotherapy and Biologic Therapy

Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment using drugs to destroy cancer cells. Biologic therapy uses proteins, antibodies, cellular products, or vaccines to fight cancer cells. The anti-cancer drugs can be used as a combination or as a single agent. These drugs are used to shrink or eliminate the tumor, to prolong survival, and/or to relieve or prevents symptoms due to cancer.

Side effects of anti-cancer drugs depend on the type of drugs. Some transient side effects such as nausea, vomiting, appetite loss, and fatigue may occur. Other side effects can be more serious, severe, or long-lasting, but fortunately occur less frequently. Improvements in anti-nausea drugs and supportive care have made chemotherapy side effects more manageable than in the past.

Click on the following links for specific chemotherapy and biologic therapy information: