Patients with central nervous system tumors or neoplasms are generally referred to a neurological surgeon or neurosurgeon. Depending on the location, size and characteristic of the tumor, surgical excision of the mass or tumor may be recommended. Surgery is the primary treatment for accessible tumors of the central nervous system.
The purpose of surgery is to:
- Cure, whenever possible
- Remove as much of the tumor as possible to relieve pressure or mass effect on surrounding structures in order to relieve symptoms
- Establish an exact diagnosis
- Provide access for other forms of treatment such as chemotherapy, including placement of wafers in tumor resection cavity
Tumors of the central nervous system treated at The Center for Cancer Prevention and Treatment include benign tumors, malignant tumors, and metastatic tumors. These include meningiomas, acoustic neuromas, gliomas, or astrocytomas, including glioblastoma multiform, choroid plexus tumor, craniopharyngiomas, ependymomas, germinomas, hemangioblatomas, lipomas, pineal tumors, as well as pituitary tumors.
The latest technology to provide the safest and least invasive approaches are also available for the neurosurgeons at St. Joseph Hospital. This includes the use of stereotactic neuronavigation for both the brain and the spine. Specialized instruments and tools that are available to assist the neurosurgeon include: intraoperative laser, endoscopy, ultrasonic Doppler and aspirator, embolization, electrophysiological monitoring and intraoperative mouthpiece-controlled microscope.